Francophone Education


Rate of exogamy
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The presence of mixed couples (or exogamous couples — that is, made up of a francophone and a spouse who has another mother tongue and cultural background) in Canada’s minority francophone population is steadily rising. In 2006, the proportion of Canadian francophones living outside Quebec in mixed relationships was 45%. The vast majority of the non-francophone spouses were anglophone.

Francophone adults outside Quebec
whose spouse is anglophone, 2006
Province / Territory Percentage
Alberta 60
British Columbia 64
Manitoba 46
New Brunswick 16
Newfoundland and Labrador 70
Northwest Territories 53
Nova Scotia 55
Nunavut *
Ontario 42
Prince Edward Island 56
Saskatchewan 60
Yukon 57

* figure not available

The proportion of francophones in mixed couples is even higher among parents of young children. For instance, in New Brunswick in 2006, the percentage of all francophones in a relationship with an anglophone or allophone (having a mother tongue other than French or English) was 16.8, but among parents with kids under 18 this figure rose to 32.8.

The following table shows the rate of exogamy in 2006 of francophone parents with children under 18. To show how strongly this trend is rising, I’ve included the numbers from 1971.

All the figures come from Statistics Canada.

Proportion of francophone parents of children under 18
whose spouse has a mother tongue other than French
Province / Territory 1971 2006
Alberta 62.7 83.4
British Columbia 73.9 87.8
Manitoba 45.6 75.5
New Brunswick 16.6 32.8
Newfoundland and Labrador 59 86
Northwest Territories * 83
Nova Scotia 51.6 74
Nunavut * 86.2
Ontario 43.4 68
Prince Edward Island 43 74.6
Saskatchewan 59.6 86.4
Yukon * 72

* figure not available, for reasons including the creation of Nunavut in 1999